CLOUDED LEOPARD (Neofelis nebulosa/ Neofelis diardi)


 

 
 

Where can I find clouded leopards in the wild?

        There are 2 distinct species of clouded leopards; Neofelis nebulosa for those animals found on the Southeast Asian mainland, and Neofelis diardi, found on the islands of Borneo and Sumatra. The clouded leopard is most associated with primary evergreen tropical rainforests, but sightings have made in secondary and logged forests as well as grassland and scrub and mangrove swamps. It has been recorded at elevations of as high as 9600 feet.

 

What do clouded leopards eat?

Clouded leopards are equally adept at hunting on the ground as they are in trees, but uses trees primarily as a resting place. Their diet includes birds, primates, small mammals, porcupines, deer and wild boar.

 

How did clouded leopards get their name?

The clouded leopard gets its name from the distinctive cloud like markings on its body, head, legs and tail. The inside color of the clouds is darker than the background color, and sometimes they are dotted with small black spots. The pelt ranges from ochre to tawny to silver-gray. Black and pale white individuals have been reported in the wild. The legs and belly are marked with large back ovals and the back to the neck is marked with 2 thick black bars. The tail, which is as long as the head and body length, is thick and plush with black rings. The clouded leopard has the longest canines relatively speaking than any other living cat. They weigh between 22-45 pounds.

 

Do clouded leopards live in groups?

Clouded leopards are typically solitary cats, except for breeding. Little is known of the breeding habits of clouded leopards in the wild, but in captivity litters of 1-5 (average 3) are born after an average 93 day gestation. 

 

Are clouded leopards endangered?

        Clouded leopards are classified as vulnerable by the IUCN Red List and have a decreasing wild population. Their biggest threat currently is deforestation and habitat loss. For more information about the threats facing clouded leopards, visit the IUCN Red List: https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/14519/97215090